BULLETIN of the

POLISH ACADEMY of SCIENCES

TECHNICAL SCIENCES

BULLETIN of the POLISH ACADEMY of SCIENCES: TECHNICAL SCIENCES
Volume 53, Issue 3, September 2005

Biocybernetics, Bioengineering and Biotechnology

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Aims&Scope, Subscription Editors Authors' guide Vol 53-3 mirror: http://fluid.ippt.gov.pl/~bulletin/

  
pp 245 - 250
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Non-invasive measurement of blood hematocrit in artery

W. SECOMSKI, A. NOWICKI, F. GUIDI, P. TORTOLI, and P.A. LEWIN
Objective: The goal of this work was to develop a clinically applicable method for non-invasive acoustic determination of hematocrit in vivo.

Methods: The value of hematocrit (HCT) was determined initially in vitro from the pulse-echo measurements of acoustic attenuation. The testing was carried out using a laboratory setup with ultrasound transducer operating at 20 MHz and employing human blood samples at the temperature of 37oC. The attenuation coefficient measurements in blood in vitro and in vivo were implemented using multi-gated (128-gates), 20 MHz pulse Doppler flow meter. The Doppler signal was recorded in the brachial artery. Both in vitro and in vivo HCT data were compared with those obtained using widely accepted, conventional centrifuge method.

Results: The attenuation coefficient in vitro was determined from the measurements of 168 samples with hematocrit varying between 23.9 and 51.6%. Those experiments indicated that the coefficient increased linearly with hematocrit. The HCT value was obtained from the 20 MHz data using regression analysis. The attenuation (() was determined as a 42.14 + 1.02 c HCT (Np/m). The corresponding standard deviation (SD), and the correlation coefficient were calculated as SD = 2.4 Np/m, and R = 0.9, (p < 0:001 ), respectively The absolute accuracy of in vivo measurements in the brachial artery was determined to be within +/- 5% HCT.

Conclusions: The method proposed appears to be promising for in vivo determination of hematocrit as 5% error is adequate to monitor changes in patients in shock or during dialysis. It was found that the multigate system largely simplified the placement of an ultrasonic probing beam in the center of the blood vessel. Current work focuses on enhancing the methodís applicability to arbitrary selected vessels and reducing the HCT measurement error to well below 5%.

 
Keywords:

hematocrit, blood, Doppler, power Doppler, multigate Doppler

 
 
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